Sunday, February 22, 2009

While we're on the subject of coffee.....

Did you know that……
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……the legend of “cowboy coffee" was said to come from when cowboys made their coffee by putting ground coffee into a clean sock and immersing it in water heated over a campfire? When ready they would pour the coffee into tin cups and drink it.
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……that caffeine is on the International Olympic Committee list of prohibited substances? Athletes who test positive for more than 12 micrograms of caffeine per milliliter of urine may be banned from the Olympic Games. This level may be reached after drinking about five cups of coffee.
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……the word ‘cappuccino’ is the result of several derivations, the original of which began in the 16th Century? The Capuchin order of friars, established after 1525, played an important role in bringing Catholicism back to Reformation Europe. Its Italian name came from the long, pointed cowl, or cappuccino, derived from cappuccino (hood) that was worn as part of the order’s habit. The French version of cappuccino was capuchin, from which came English Capuchin. In Italian cappuccino went on to describe espresso coffee mixed or topped with steamed milk or cream, was so called because the color of the coffee resembled the color of the habit of a Capuchin friar. The first use of cappuccino in English is recorded in 1948 in a work about San Francisco.
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……the French Revolution was born in French cafes? It happened in 1789 when the Parisians, spurred on by Camille Desmoulins’ verbal campaign, took to the streets and two days later the Bastille fell, marking the overthrow of the French Government and changing France forever.
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……Turkish bridegrooms were once required to make a promise during their wedding ceremonies to always provide their new wives with coffee? If they failed to do so it was ground for divorce.
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……the Italians drink their espresso with sugar, the Germans and Swiss with equal parts of hot chocolate, the Mexicans with cinnamon, the Belgians with chocolate, Moroccans with peppercorns, Ethiopians with a pinch of salt. Coffee drinkers in the Middle East usually add cardamom and spices. Whipped cream is the favorite amongst Austrians.
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……special studies conducted about the human body revealed it will usually absorb up to about 300 milligrams of caffeine at a given time. Additional amounts are just cast off providing no further stimulation. Also, the human body dissipates 20% of the caffeine in the system each hour.
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……one time in Germany the government hired a special force known as Kaffee Schnufflers, to sniff out illicit coffee roasters and smugglers? It was an intense campaign brought about by King Frederick who did not believe that coffee-drinking soldiers could be depended upon. Fortunately he failed for he too loved coffee.
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……during the American Civil War the Union soldiers were issued eight pounds of ground roasted coffee as part of their personal ration of one hundred pounds of food? And they had another choice, ten pounds of green coffee beans.
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……Café Procope was the first true Parisian coffeehouse? It was opened in 1689 by a former lemonade vendor Francois Procope. The café faced the Theatre Francais where it drew in artists and actors of the day.
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……the Egyptians are extremely fond of pure and strong coffee? They seldom add sugar to it, nor milk, nor cream. They serve unsweetened coffee to mourners and sweetened coffee at weddings.
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……at one time in England certain merchants were angered when coffee was introduced? Those selling ale and wine felt threatened when coffee became more popular. They even launched a campaign to persuade Charles II to issue an order to suppress coffeehouses. Fortunately public outcry forced the order to be retracted. That was on 8th January, 1675.
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……Kolschitzky, a Polish gentleman, opened Vienna’s first coffeehouse, The Blue Bottle? He even saved the beans from the flames when Turkish troops left the city.
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……Ugandans mix green beans with sweet grasses and various spices, dry them and then wrap them in grass packets which are then hung in their homes? It serves as a talisman and a decoration.
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……coffee berries start as green berries in the early stage of growth, turn yellow, red, then dark crimson when it is finally ripe and yields the best coffee? In fact, Arabica coffee plants take about five years to mature and produce its first crop.
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……Japan is now the third largest consumer of coffee? They even know to improve their skin and reduce wrinkles by bathing in coffee grounds that were fermented with pineapple pulp.
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……in Greece and Turkey it is the custom that the eldest is served coffee first?
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……during the American Civil War when coffee was scarce, the citizens of New Orleans used chicory as a substitute? Today they may have their coffee with chicory which is mixed with a quantity of strong black coffee and hot, rich milk.
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……in the old days in Constantinople the first coffee houses were called gahveh khaneh (schools of wisdom), because they were the meeting places of men of arts and literature?
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……a kahveci is a person who is skilled in preparing Turkish coffee?
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……in 1690 the Dutch founded the East India Coffee trade when they introduced coffee in Java (Indonesia)?
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……in the London of 1674 there was a group of women who formed Women’s Petition Against Coffee (WPAC)? They complained that their men were always at the coffee houses and not being at home as needed during their domestic crises.
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……Turkish coffee is traditionally brewed in a circular brass pot known as an Ibrik? It is used to brew up a cup that is thicker and sweeter than the usual coffee that we are accustomed to.
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……coffee was brought into Costa Rica from Cuba by Spanish traveler Navarro in 1779? Hence it is not their native plant.
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……according to Scheha Beddin, an Arab author, Mufti of Aden were the first people to drink coffee? They lived during the beginning of the 9th Century.
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……Will’s in Covent Garden became a favorite meeting place for writers and poets? Many famous people including Dr. Johnson, who compiled the first English dictionary, visited the Turk’s Head Coffee House.
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……Beethoven who was a coffee lover, was so particular about his coffee that he always counted 60 beans for each cup when he prepared his brew?
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……Louis XV was rumored to have spent USD15,000/- per year on coffee for his daughters? And Voltaire supposedly drank 50 cups a day.
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……the French were the first to innovate a crude espresso machine? The Italians then perfected this machine and became the first to manufacture it.
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….the first documented license to sell coffee was obtained by Dorothy Jones of the Massachusetts Colony in 1670?
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……the first coffee advertisement was a handbill distributed in 1651? It read: “The Vertue of the coffee drink first publiquely made and sold in England by Pascqua Rosee…in St. Michael’s Alley, Cornhill….at the Signe of his own head.” It is now housed in the British Museum.
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……it was a locksmith who in 1665 first invented a coffee mill in London?
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……it was in 1530 that the first coffee house was opened in Damascus, Syria? Istanbul, Turkey opened its first coffee house in 1554.
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……Mr. Jacobs opened England’s first coffee house in Oxford in 1650? It was two years later that another coffee house was opened in London by a Greek gentleman, Pasqua Rosee, in partnership with Daniel Edwards, an Englishman. By 1700 some 2,000 such coffee shops were established.
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……the Turks brought coffee to Austria when their army surrounded Vienna in 1683, laying siege to the city?
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……in 1785 the coffee revolt broke out in Prussia because coffee consumption was restricted to the nobility, the clergy and high officials?
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……before coffee was introduced as a stimulant it had been a social custom in Aden to chew the fresh leaves of “qat” because it had a mild narcotic effect?
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……the three biggest coffee drinkers in the world are the Americans, the French and the Germans? They consume some 65% of the total world’s consumption of coffee.
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……it was the Dutch who literally brought the coffee plant to the rest of the world? They brought the first coffee plant from Mocha in Yemen to Holland in 1616. Their first cultivation was in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1658.
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……Nicaragua Margogipe is the largest of the coffee beans?
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……Mr. G. Washington who lived in Guatemala invented instant coffee? He discovered soluble coffee in 1906 and three years later was able to put his product on the market.
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……Dr. Satori Kato, a Japanese chemist, was amongst the first to develop an instant coffee powder?
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……coffee in Kenya came from the isle of Bourbon (Reunion) with the Roman Catholic missionaries as late as 1893?
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……in the 17th Century and for unknown reasons, an English king forbade his subjects to congregate anywhere coffee was sold?
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……coffee has been around for over 11 centuries and is currently the most widely consumed beverage in the world? Cappuccino has become the popular choice of exotic coffee lovers everywhere.
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……Honoré de Balzac, famous 19th Century French writer who wrote Père Goriot, drank up to 40 cups of coffee per day?
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……when coffee supplies became scarce during the American Civil War, soldiers desperate for a cup of coffee used roasted sweet potato and Indian corn as a substitute?
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……dark roasted coffees actually have less caffeine than medium roasts? The longer coffee is roasted the more caffeine burns off during the process.
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……the word “tip” dates back to the old London coffee houses? Conspicuously placed brass boxes etched with the inscription, “To Insure Promptness”, encouraged customers to pay for efficient service. The resulting acronym, “TIP”, has become a byword.
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……a healthy coffee tree will produce only about five pounds of green beans a year? Of this only about one-fifth meets the rigid sorting standards to be sold as “Specialty Coffee”.
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……until the 10th Century coffee was considered a food? Ethiopian tribesmen would mix the coffee berries with animal fat, roll them into balls and eat them on their nomadic journeys.

10 comments:

diane said...

WOW! that's coffee information overload.

Jeannette St.G. said...

You did a lot of research for this post! I add to it: the Dutch (I am one) drink their strong coffee with sugar and cream.
O yes, something else: the Germans have during the weekend something that they call "Kaffeeklatch" which translated means coffeetalk, and is an extended time from 3 pm -whenever of coffee with enough coffeecake, doughnuts, and desserts to last you for a week. When I lived in Berlin I always looked foward to that. It marked a definite end-of-the-week for me.

Eve said...

Sure post that and I've not taken a sip yet!!!
Ha Ha!!

Denise said...

Diane, it is indeed.

Jeannette, thanks for this extra information.

Eve, what can I say but ............ Cleome! Hahahaha!

Margaret Cloud said...

Now that is a lot of info, you did your home work and a good job you did. Thanks for sharing, I like a cup once in awhile.

Denise said...

Hi Margaret, thank you. Who would have thought there would have been such a history of the coffee bean.

Tricia said...

Yikes! I don't drink coffee! That was a whole lotta info!!!

Reader Wil said...

Here where I live we have coffee at 10 am and ask a friend:" kom je morgen een bakkie doen?" Which means:"come and do a cuppa tomorrow"?

david mcmahon said...

What a great series of facts.

Denise said...

Tricia, yes I think it was :)

Reader Wil, that's another lovely tradition, thank you.

David, it was fascinating for me to find all this out.